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Environment – Current Issues:
Kazakhstan borders the Northeastern part of the Caspian Sea with a coastline of 2320 km, which is approximately one third of the total Caspian coastline. The most Northern part of the territory is shallow and accommodates a wide range of biological species.
National concerns regarding the Caspian Sea involve a potential fluctuation of sea level, environmental pollution, degradation of ecosystems and loss of biodiversity. Hydrocarbons are increasingly being exploited and a concern for the potential risks that follows rise with it. It is evident that the major threat for the Caspian environment is impacts from human activities, and the degraded environment again impacts on the population of Kazakhstan with regard to living conditions as well as medical and demographic situations.
Environment – International Agreements:
Party to: Air Pollution (UNECE-CLRTAP), Biodiversity (CBD), Climate Change (UNFCCC),, Desertification (CCD), Endangered Species (CITES), Environmental Modification (ENMOD) , Hazardous Wastes (Basel), Ozone Layer Protection (Montreal), , Ship Pollution, Wetlands (Ramsar)
Signed but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol (KP)
Source: National Action Programme on Enhancement of the Environment of the Caspian Sea 2003-2012, 2003, Ministry of Environmental Protection