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Environment – Current Issues:
Turkmenistan spans across the Southeastern coast of the Caspian Sea. The Turkmen territory of the sea offers many hydrocarbon reserves as well as recreational areas. The oil and gas reserves have been estimated to a total of 18.2 billion tons, which pose as an important export for the country.
National concerns regarding the Caspian Sea involve different impacts related to the rising sea level. Flooding can exacerbate the current level of environmental pollution from oil products, pesticides and other toxics. The chancing sea level can as well impact plankton and benthic invertebrates and thereby also the rest of the food chain.
The majority of Western Turkmenistan, including the coastal zone, is covered by deserts and as a result not much development of settlements and infrastructure has taken place here, which makes the impacts of a rising sea level minimal compared to the other Caspian countries.
Environment – International Agreements:
Party to: Biodiversity (CBD), Climate Change (UNFCCC), Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol (KP), Desertification (CCD), Hazardous Wastes (Basel), Ozone Layer Protection (Montreal)
Source: Second National Communication of Turkmenistan under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, 2010, Ministry of Nature Protection of Turkmenistan, UNEP, GEF